Last Updated: January 10, 2022
Study Abroad in Europe
Europe offers world-class education to international candidates in different fields through the universities in the different countries in contains. The universities here are the oldest and the most diverse with programs being offered in every field of study that a student could possibly want a degree in. It offers bachelor’s programs, master’s programs, and doctoral programs along with certification programs and diploma programs that they can choose from. Students will be able to choose a country in Europe based on the popular programs that are provided in the country and the language they prefer to learn for the same. Students will also be able to do most of the programs offered in English since almost every country offers international programs in English.
The tuition fee in most countries is subsidized even for international students especially with EU/EEA candidates being able to study for free in most of the countries in Europe. The students who are required to pay a fee for their study program will be able to apply for and receive scholarships that can cover their educational and living expenses.
Why Study in Europe?
Europe is rich in innovation. Some of the world-class companies in technology/design are from Europe. European Universities offer a variety of programs that are recognized all over the world. The European Union submits over 44% of the total number of patent applications worldwide. Some countries even offer free education. Cheap and tuition-free higher education is offered in Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finland. The University of Oxford is the oldest university in the UK (established in 1096). Europe is also home to the oldest universities in the world with the University of Bologna, Italy being the oldest university in Europe (est. 1088). Countries like Sweden and Finland have the highest researchers to population ratio which provides international candidates with the perfect scope of doing research in their field of study.
The UK is the most popular destination for international students followed by Germany and Denmark. Around 35% of international students (doing BS/MS/Ph.D.) studying in Europe are from Asia and 43.1% are from Africa. Poland is one other country that is attracting a lot of academic population due to the increasingly large number of English-taught programs.
What are the Most Popular Majors in Europe?
The most popular majors that are offered in Europe come under the fields of business, administration, and law. But at the same time, this is country-specific with countries like France offering their best programs in fields like design, culinary, arts, foreign languages, etc. Nursing and Psychology are also popular majors in Europe.
Engineering in Europe
Engineering is one of the professional degrees that are well sought-after by international students. The universities here have been pioneers of innovation and invention since 1088. This implies that the zest that the universities have towards research in the sciences has been put in place centuries ago. This is one of the qualities that the universities in Europe strive to keep intact and also develop according to the changing times. Engineering students who have enrolled in universities here will be able to use the extensive resources that universities provide. The best universities for engineering in Europe are-
- Cambridge University-UK
- Imperial College-UK
- Oxford University-UK
- Delft University of Technology-The Netherlands
- Technical University Munich-Germany
Arts and Humanities in Europe
Europe is one of the most popular art destinations in the world with culture and history that is deep-rooted in painting, music, literature, dance, fashion, etc. Students who choose to study in Europe within the fields of arts and humanities will be able to learn about the history of art as such and immerse themselves in the rich heritage that any country in Europe can provide which will improve their imagination and creativity. The best countries to study arts and humanities in include the UK, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Austria, Italy, etc.
The programs in the fields of arts and humanities not only focus on the main subject but also strive to teach soft skills to students which will be highly beneficial to students who graduate from such programs. They also focus on IT skills which students will require upon graduation irrespective of whether they work in a museum, library, or educational institution. The best programs under this field that are offered in Europe include-
- Music, Theater, and Dance
- Foreign Languages and Literature
Every country in Europe has public and private universities offering programs in arts and humanities. Most of the well-known institutions have a primary focus on this field with the field having multiple departments under various disciplines. Out of the many universities that offer a multitude of programs in arts and humanities, there are a few that stand out. The best universities from where students can learn most programs in this field of study are-
- Oxford University-UK
- Cambridge University-UK
- University of Edinburgh-Scotland
- University College London-UK
- Humboldt- Universitat zu Berlin-Germany
MBA from Europe
The best country for studying MBA or business-related programs in Europe is France which is followed by Spain and Switzerland. The MBA programs in Europe, unlike those offered in other parts of the world, only have a duration of 1 to 1.5 years which is a tuition fee that is comparatively lower than countries like the US. HEC Paris, IESE Spain are some of the top-rated management programs in the world. Many students from the US get a degree from these management programs to get international exposure.
Students will be able to take up general MBAs, Executive MBAs, and Specialized MBAs based on their field of interest. The multiple options that are offered by institutions help students diversify themselves from other MBA graduates around the world. The business schools here also focus on developing soft skills in the candidates thereby creating more entrepreneurs than managers. The best business schools in Europe are-
- London Business School
- IESE Business School
- SDA Bocconi
Medicine in Europe
Europe offers a few many programs in the field of medicine and is home to different medical, dental, and veterinary universities. The medical programs here have a duration of 6 years and offer programs that are highly regarded around the world. Since it is a popular study destination for international students, there are limited seats for medical programs which also results in high tuition fees. Students who wish to enroll in these universities will have to face high competition and therefore will require stellar profiles that are not limited to academic credentials.
While most of the universities offer programs in English, students will have to be careful about the languages preferred by the university before applying for programs. Some countries offer medical programs that are taught in a blend of English and other foreign languages which will require additional qualifications from the candidate.
The best medical universities in Europe are-
- Oxford University
- Cambridge University
- Imperial College London
- University College London
- The University of Edinburgh
Which Countries are Top Destinations for International Students?
Most of the countries in Europe are popular places for international students. But at the same time, the importance of the destination lies in the kind of program and the field of study the student has chosen. While business and management programs of international standard are provided by most countries in Europe, certain countries like France and Italy are better known for the culinary and fashion designing programs they offer at different levels. The best study destinations in Europe are-
- The Netherlands
Admission requirements for some universities
- Aalborg University, Denmark require IELTS with a score of at least 6.5 or a TOEFL score of 85
- 'EPFL - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology' Lausanne require TOEFL + GRE (not required)
- Delft University of Technology: Computer Engineering: A Grade Point Average (GPA) for the BSc program of at least 75% of the scale maximum.
A Graduate Record Examination (GRE) score of at least 154 verbal/4.0 analytical/163 quantitative.
Proof of proficiency in the English language: a TOEFL score of 90 on iBT (TOEFL) or an IELTS (academic version) overall Band score of at least 6.5.
- Typical Swedish University requirements.
- Master program: TOEFL at level 550 (213 computer-based) or above, IELTS 6.0 or Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency. In addition to these general requirements, the applicant must meet the special requirements that apply to each of the programs.
Tuition & Fees in European countries
Tuition fee in European universities is dependent on various factors which begin with the country the student is moving to. Apart from the different tuition fee policies that countries have, educational expenses will be based on whether the university the student is attending is public or private. Private universities across Europe are highly expensive and are subject to change according to the level of study and the field of study the candidate has chosen. Students will also have a difference in the tuition fee they have to pay based on their nationality. Most of the time students who are nationals of the same country or those from EU/EEA countries will be able to have a subsidized tuition fee.
At the same time, almost all countries in Europe will have universities that require non-EU/EEA candidates to pay the tuition fee which will change according to the discipline they have chosen. Students will be able to apply for and receive scholarships that sometimes even cover the entirety of the tuition fee. The average tuition fee for getting a master’s degree in Europe is around $30,000 for non-EU/EEA candidates.
Countries Offering Expensive Educational Programs
While most countries in Europe offer education at rates that are lower than the US or Australia, within Europe, there are countries where international students can find high tuition fee rates. The tuition fee rates vary from institution to institution and most of the time universities will have provisions to get scholarships and need-based grants which will help them fund their education. These countries also offer international students a lot of work while studying options that will aid them in contributing to their living expenses along with education.
is one of the most expensive places for international students with a fee range between €2,500 to €8,000 per year. This is followed by countries like Lithuania
where the latter is one of the most popular study destinations especially due to the ancient universities that are prevalent here. Students who enroll at universities in England are all required to pay a tuition fee irrespective of their nationality. The fee here is estimated to be around £10,000 per year which can considerably increase even up to £38,000 if students are doing a medical program or a business-related program. Other countries in the UK like Northern Ireland also require students to pay a high tuition fee depending on the field of study they have chosen.
While education is expensive in these countries, students will be able to apply for scholarships that are either merit-based or need-based. Most countries in Europe offer scholarships even based on the nationality and ethnicity of the candidate which makes it easier for candidates to receive scholarships or grants that can cover at least part of the tuition.
Countries Offering Affordable Educational Programs
While places like the UK offer education at high tuition fees per year, there are plenty of other countries in Europe where education is extremely affordable by international candidates. Austria
is one of the countries in Europe where the tuition fee is capped at €1,500 per year for students from countries outside EU/EEA. Since the fee is capped at a set amount, students will be able to choose a program of their liking and enroll without considering the fee as long as they are applying to a public university.
is another country where students will be able to study at affordable rates. This is mostly dependent on the program the candidate has applied for with the fee ranging between €900 to €4,000 per year. The tuition is available at a lower rate only if the candidate has enrolled in a public university. Private universities and business-related programs often have a higher fee range depending on the university.
offers affordable education to international students with fees ranging between €500 to €8,000 per year. This is dependent on the level of study the candidate has applied for and the field of study they have chosen. The fee for studying in Greece
is around €1,500 per year for international students which is also a highly affordable rate. France
offers education to international students at a tuition fee within the range of €2,800 to €3,800 per year.
Countries Offering Free Educational Programs
Education in Europe can both be expensive and affordable depending on the country the candidate has chosen to move to and the field of study they have enrolled for. But at the same time, there are countries in Europe where students will be able to study for free depending on their nationality. Students from EU/EEA countries will find that most countries offer free education to them at an undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral level. This is not the case for non-EU/EEA candidates who are required to pay a fee most of the time though this can be covered by scholarships.
The countries that offer free education to EU/EEA candidates
The countries that offer free education to non-EU/EEA candidates
Other countries like Finland and Sweden offer tuition-free doctoral programs to all international students.
Study in European Countries
Find information on universities, admission procedure, courses, student visa, etc. for various countries within Europe.
Austria offers students with the best quality education for subsidized rates irrespective of the nationality of the candidate. While EU/EEA and Switzerland nationals will be able to even study free of cost, non-EU/EEA students will be able to pay a nominal fee that is the same across public universities if they get admitted to the programs. This country requires students to study the local language of German if they wish to live and learn comfortably. Most of the programs offered are either in German or in a blend of German and English for which students will require at least a basic understanding of German.
Spain has been listed as the most popular country for international studies, with almost a third of those students originating from the United States. The student enrolment rate in the country has been exponentially increasing over the years with students choosing programs within the field of arts & humanities, law, hospitality management, etc. among others. Students who stay here will be able to experience the perfect blend of high-quality education and a laid-back culture that is found in both academic and work fields.
The biggest attraction that international students consider while choosing to study in Germany is that the programs in the public universities here are tuition-free for all international students. The degrees offered in this country are internationally recognized and since most programs are taught in a blend of German and English, students will have to learn the basics of German which will be highly beneficial to them irrespective of which country they choose to work in later. At the same time, students will also be able to find fully English-taught programs if they so wish to choose them. International students will also have the option of staying back in this country after completing their education which is rare for a country in Europe.
International students who wish to study in the Netherlands will be able to choose from the different internationally recognized degrees they offer. It is one of those countries in Europe where students will be able to easily blend in by using English even if they do not strive to learn the local language. Students will be able to stay in this country for a year after completing their education during which they can get permanently employed. They will be able to stay this extra year without applying for a work permit.
The educational programs in Ukraine are widely sought-after by international students since they are internationally recognized and affordable when compared to other European countries. Though the languages spoken in the country are Ukrainian and Russian, the educational programs are taught in English which is convenient for international students. The education system here relies on the practical method of teaching instead of the theoretical with popular fields of study being medicine, management, technology, etc.
The UK is one of the most expensive places in Europe for international students but at the same time, this is one of the places that have the oldest and most reputed universities. Since it is an English-speaking country students will not have to study another language to stay in or enroll in any university in the country. But at the same time, they will require a high IELTS/TOEFL score to get into universities here. Both educational and living expenses are high in the country but when compared to the quality of education and living, the expenses can be deemed to be worth it.